Linux is a Unix-clone that was created from the ground up. Is that, however, all there is to it? In this Unix versus Linux comparison, we’ll look at the similarities and differences between the two operating systems.
What exactly is Unix?
Unix is an operating system that is only available to Unix users. It’s a multi-user, multi-tasking system that’s suitable for servers, desktops, and laptops. Unix is a widely used operating system in businesses, colleges, and large corporations.
Unix was the name of the operating system developed at AT&T Bell Labs in the late 1960s. Because it was written in C, it was easier to modify, accept, and port. What began as a one-man effort at Bell Labs under the direction of Ken Thompson grew into one of the most extensively used operating systems.
The Unix operating system was designed to function using the Command Line Interface (CLI), however there have lately been advancements for GUI on Unix computers.
What exactly is Linux?
Linux is a free and open source operating system that is extensively used for computer hardware and software, game development, tablet PCs, mainframes, and other applications.
Linus Torvalds created Linux in 1991 at the University of Helsinki, taking its name from the Linux kernel. The fact that it could be installed on a variety of computers, mobile phones, tablets, video game consoles, and other devices set it apart. One of the most well-known examples of free and open source software collaboration is the creation of Linux. Today, numerous businesses and individuals have created their own versions of operating systems based on the Linux kernel, such as Apple’s iOS. Unix is mostly utilized in internet servers and workstations, but Linux may be used by anybody from novices to developers to casual users.
AT&T, as well as other commercial vendors and non-profit groups, are the primary developers of Unix distributions. Linux, on the other hand, is an open source operating system that is provided by a variety of vendors.
Unix supports processors such as x86/x64, Sparc, Power, Itanium, PA-RISC, PowerPC, and many others on PA-RISC and Itanium computers. Linux, which was initially designed for Intel’s x86 CPUs, now supports a far larger number of processors, including ports for a variety of CPU types.
Shell-based user interface
The Bourne Shell was Unix’s default for a long time. It now works with a variety of other programs, including BASH, Korn, and C. The default shell on Linux is BASH (Bourne Again SHell). Multiple command interpreters can be supported.
Unix was originally a command-based operating system, but subsequently a graphical user interface (GUI) called Common Desktop Environment was developed. Gnome is currently included on almost all distributions.
Based on these details, you can make a selection out of Linux and Unix.