On a fresh computer system, you may install Linux from a CD or DVD. This will help you to learn how to use Linux and gain real-world Linux experience and training. In this article, we’ll discuss a new system that doesn’t already have an operating system installed (such as Windows).
You may either download the Linux OS as a Linux ISO file and burn it on CD or DVD yourself, or you can purchase Linux on CD or DVD and have it delivered to you.
Linux hints: ISO files for Linux are big. If you don’t have high-speed Internet connectivity, don’t download Linux. You can purchase and have the Linux operating system mailed to you for a very low price. Simply look for “list of linux cds” or “list of linux dvds” on the Internet.
Installing Linux on a New Computer System in 7 Easy Steps
1. Make a list of your Linux installation options.
Some system parameters must be specified during the Linux installation. The Linux software packages and desktop(s) you want to install, networking settings, and disk partition sizes are all examples of these.
2. Start the Linux Installation Routine by booting using the Linux CD or DVD.
Set up your system to boot from a CD or DVD drive by following the steps below.
Start the Linux installation procedure by shutting down your machine and booting it with the first Linux CD / DVD in the drive.
3. Define Your Linux Installation Parameters
Follow the on-screen instructions and enter the installation parameters you saved in Step 1.
4. Create a non-root (“regular”) user.
You log in as a Linux “user” with a user name and password to operate on a Linux machine. You can log in as either the “root” or “non-root” user.
When you need to do Linux system administration duties, you log in as the root user and operate on the Linux OS. You could work as the root user to perform a Linux command to create a new Linux user or to complete the procedures to install a Linux server, for example.
The root user is generated automatically when you install Linux and is used to perform Linux system administration operations. However, you should never log in as the root user on a Linux desktop for security reasons.
You’ll be asked if you wish to create one or more “ordinary” (non-root) Linux users at some point during the installation process. To perform day-to-day tasks, always create at least one regular Linux user and log in as this user.
5. Allow the Linux Operating System to Install on Your Hard Disk
The installation process will copy the Linux OS and Linux software programs onto the hard disk of the system after you choose the Linux installation parameters and create one or more new Linux users, and then reboot.
6. Test the system by logging in.
Log in as a “normal” (non-root) Linux user once the machine has rebooted to see whether you can operate as this user. The Linux desktop displays at this stage, and you may run Linux apps to test the system.
Remember not to log in as the root user when using a Linux desktop.
Log in as a regular Linux user and start a terminal emulator window to test the root user. Then, to log in and work as the root user, use the su command.
7. Enjoy using Linux
The Linux operating system is a fantastic and dependable system. There are many hundreds of Linux software packages available for a variety of purposes.
While working with Linux, you may gain a lot of valuable practical Linux training knowledge by installing and operating it. You may use a Linux desktop to work and run frequently used Linux apps. You may also learn how to utilize Linux commands by working at the Linux command line, the way actual Linux system administrators do it.